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The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law edited by Bodansky, Daniel; Brunnée, Jutta; Hey, Ellen (7th August 2008)


Edited By: Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunnée, Ellen Hey

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law

Edited By: Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunnée, Ellen Hey

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. Subscriber: null; date: 15 November 2019

  • AAU

    assigned amount unit

  • AIA

    advanced informed agreement


    Alliance of Small Island States


    Association of Southeast Asian Nations

  • ATS

    Antarctic Treaty System

  • BAN

    Basel Action Network

  • BAT

    best available technique/technology


    best available technology not entailing excessive costs

  • BEP

    best environmental practices


    business and industry non-governmental organization

  • BNFL

    British Nuclear Fuels Ltd

  • BSE

    Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

  • CalPERS

    California Public Employees’ Retirement System


    (ISO) Committee on Conformity Assessment

  • CBD

    Convention on Biological Diversity

  • CBDR

    common but differentiated responsibilities


    Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources


    Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna

  • CDM

    Clean Development Mechanism

  • CEC

    (NAAEC) Commission for Environmental Cooperation

  • CEM

    continuous emissions monitoring

  • CEN

    Comité Européen de Normalisation/European Committee for Standardization


    European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization

  • CER

    certified emission reduction


    Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies

  • CFC


  • CIEL

    Center for International Environmental Law


    Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

  • CMS

    Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals


    Conference of the Parties/Meeting of the Parties

  • (p. xxiv) DAWN

    Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era

  • DOE

    designated operational entity

  • DSU

    (WTO) Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes

  • EATS

    emissions and allowance tracking system

  • EB

    executive board

  • EBRD

    European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

  • EC

    European Community

  • ECG

    (OECD) Working Party on Export Credits and Credit Guarantees

  • ECJ

    Court of Justice of the European Communities


    (UN) Economic and Social Council

  • ECtHR

    European Court of Human Rights

  • EEZ

    exclusive economic zone

  • EIA

    environmental impact assessment

  • EICC

    Electronic Industry Code of Conduct

  • EMAS

    (EU) Eco-Management and Audit Scheme

  • EMEP

    Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe

  • EMS

    environmental management system

  • EPA

    (US) Environmental Protection Agency

  • ERU

    emission reduction unit

  • ETS

    emissions trading system

  • EU

    European Union


    European Atomic Energy Community

  • FEI

    Fédération Economique Internationale

  • FMD

    foot and mouth disease

  • FSC

    Forest Stewardship Council

  • GAD

    gender and development

  • GATT

    General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

  • GDP

    gross domestic product

  • GEF

    Global Environment Facility


    Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution

  • GHG

    greenhouse gas

  • GLP

    good laboratory practice

  • GMO

    genetically modified organism

  • GPA

    Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities

  • GRI

    Global Reporting Initiative

  • IAEA

    International Atomic Energy Agency

  • IAF

    International Accreditation Forum

  • (p. xxv) IAS

    invasive alien species

  • IBRD

    International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)

  • ICAO

    UN International Civil Aviation Organization


    International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas


    International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

  • ICJ

    International Court of Justice

  • ICRW

    International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling

  • IDA

    International Development Association

  • IEC

    International Electrotechnical Commission

  • IEL

    international environmental law

  • IFAD

    International Fund for Agricultural Development

  • IFC

    International Finance Corporation

  • IFCS

    (WHO) Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety

  • IFI

    international financial institution

  • IGO

    intergovernmental organisation

  • IL

    international law

  • ILA

    International Law Association

  • ILC

    International Law Commission

  • ILO

    International Labour Organization

  • IMCO

    International Maritime Consultative Organisation (now the IMO)

  • IMF

    International Monetary Fund

  • IMO

    International Maritime Organization

  • INC

    intergovernmental negotiating committee

  • IO

    international organization

  • IOMC

    Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals

  • IPCC

    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

  • IPOA

    international plan of action

  • IPR

    intellectual property rights

  • IR

    international relations

  • ISA

    International Seabed Authority


    International Social and Environmental Accrediting and Labelling Alliance

  • ISO

    International Organization for Standardization

  • ITL

    international transactions log


    International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea


    International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

  • IUCN

    World Conservation Union (formerly International Union for the Conservation of Nature)

  • (p. xxvi) IUU

    illegal, unregulated and unreported

  • IWC

    International Whaling Commission

  • JI

    joint implementation

  • LBS

    land-based sources and activities of marine pollution

  • LMO

    living modified organism

  • LOSC

    (UN) Convention on the Law of the Sea

  • LOT

    load-on-top system (oil pollution)


    Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (Convention)

  • MDG

    Millennium Development Goal

  • MEA

    multilateral environmental agreement

  • MEPC

    (IMO) Maritime Environment Protection Committee

  • MFMP

    Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol

  • MSC

    Marine Stewardship Council

  • MSY

    maximum sustainable yield


    North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation

  • NAFO

    Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization


    North American Free Trade Agreement

  • NAO

    (US) National Audit Office


    North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization


    New Partnership for Africa’s Development

  • NGO

    non-governmental organization

  • NIEO

    New International Economic Order

  • NOW

    (US) National Organization for Women

  • NPM

    new public management


    (US) National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

  • OAS

    Organization of American States

  • ODA

    official development assistance

  • ODS

    ozone-depleting substance

  • OECD

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development


    Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

  • OIE

    World Organisation for Animal Health (formerly Organisation International Epizootique)

  • OP/BP

    operational policy / bank policy

  • OSHA

    (US) Occupational Safety and Health Administration


    Convention for Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic

  • P&I

    protection and indemnity club

  • PCB

    polychlorinated biphenyl

  • PCF

    Prototype Carbon Fund

  • PD

    prisoner’s dilemma

  • PEFC

    Program for the Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes

  • (p. xxvii) PGCT

    (Code of Conduct for) Plant Germoplasm Collecting and Transfer

  • PIC

    prior informed consent

  • POP

    persistent organic pollutant

  • PP

    precautionary principle

  • PPM

    process and production method

  • PRAM

    (OSPAR) Programs and Measures Committee


    (LRTAP) Regional Acidification Information and Simulation


    (EU Framework for) Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals

  • RIA

    regulatory impact analysis

  • RMU

    removal unit

  • RTB

    race to the bottom

  • SADC

    Southern African Development Community


    Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management

  • SAP

    structural adjustment programme

  • SBT

    southern bluefin tuna

  • SDR

    special drawing right


    South-East Atlantic Fisheries Organisation

  • SEP

    supplemental environmental project

  • SRI

    socially responsible investment

  • TEAP

    (Montreal Protocol) Technology and Economic Assessment Panel

  • TNC

    transnational corporation


    Trade Records Analysis of Flora and Fauna in Commerce


    Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights


    third world approaches to international law

  • UN

    United Nations

  • UNCC

    United Nations Compensation Commission


    United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio Conference)


    United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination


    United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference)


    United Nations Commission on Human Rights


    United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development

  • UNDP

    United Nations Development Programme


    United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

  • UNEP

    United Nations Environment Programme


    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization


    United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization


    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

  • UNGA

    United Nations General Assembly

  • (p. xxviii) UNHCR

    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees


    United Nations Industrial Development Organization


    United Nations Institute for Training and Research


    United States Agency for International Development

  • USSR

    Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

  • VOC

    volatile organic compound

  • WAD

    Women and Development


    World Business Council for Sustainable Development

  • WCAR

    World Conference against Racism

  • WCD

    World Commission on Dams

  • WCED

    World Commission on Environment and Development (Brundtland Commission)

  • WCN

    World Charter for Nature

  • WCS

    World Conservation Strategy

  • WEDO

    Women’s Environment & Development Organization

  • WEO

    World Environmental Organization

  • WESD

    Women, Environment and Sustainable Development

  • WHO

    World Health Organization

  • WID

    Women in Development

  • WIPO

    World Intellectual Property Organization

  • WRI

    World Resources Institute

  • WSF

    World Social Forum

  • WSSD

    World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesberg Conference)

  • WTO

    World Trade Organization

  • WWF

    Worldwide Fund for Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund)