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The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law edited by Bodansky, Daniel; Brunnée, Jutta; Hey, Ellen (7th August 2008)

Abbreviations

Edited By: Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunnée, Ellen Hey

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law

Edited By: Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunnée, Ellen Hey

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. Subscriber: null; date: 15 November 2019

  • AAU

    assigned amount unit

  • AIA

    advanced informed agreement

  • AOSIS

    Alliance of Small Island States

  • ASEAN

    Association of Southeast Asian Nations

  • ATS

    Antarctic Treaty System

  • BAN

    Basel Action Network

  • BAT

    best available technique/technology

  • BATNEEC

    best available technology not entailing excessive costs

  • BEP

    best environmental practices

  • BINGO

    business and industry non-governmental organization

  • BNFL

    British Nuclear Fuels Ltd

  • BSE

    Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

  • CalPERS

    California Public Employees’ Retirement System

  • CASCO

    (ISO) Committee on Conformity Assessment

  • CBD

    Convention on Biological Diversity

  • CBDR

    common but differentiated responsibilities

  • CCAMLR

    Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

  • CCSBT

    Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna

  • CDM

    Clean Development Mechanism

  • CEC

    (NAAEC) Commission for Environmental Cooperation

  • CEM

    continuous emissions monitoring

  • CEN

    Comité Européen de Normalisation/European Committee for Standardization

  • CENELEC

    European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization

  • CER

    certified emission reduction

  • CERES

    Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies

  • CFC

    chlorofluorocarbon

  • CIEL

    Center for International Environmental Law

  • CITES

    Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

  • CMS

    Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

  • COP/MOP

    Conference of the Parties/Meeting of the Parties

  • (p. xxiv) DAWN

    Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era

  • DOE

    designated operational entity

  • DSU

    (WTO) Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes

  • EATS

    emissions and allowance tracking system

  • EB

    executive board

  • EBRD

    European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

  • EC

    European Community

  • ECG

    (OECD) Working Party on Export Credits and Credit Guarantees

  • ECJ

    Court of Justice of the European Communities

  • ECOSOC

    (UN) Economic and Social Council

  • ECtHR

    European Court of Human Rights

  • EEZ

    exclusive economic zone

  • EIA

    environmental impact assessment

  • EICC

    Electronic Industry Code of Conduct

  • EMAS

    (EU) Eco-Management and Audit Scheme

  • EMEP

    Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe

  • EMS

    environmental management system

  • EPA

    (US) Environmental Protection Agency

  • ERU

    emission reduction unit

  • ETS

    emissions trading system

  • EU

    European Union

  • EURATOM

    European Atomic Energy Community

  • FEI

    Fédération Economique Internationale

  • FMD

    foot and mouth disease

  • FSC

    Forest Stewardship Council

  • GAD

    gender and development

  • GATT

    General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

  • GDP

    gross domestic product

  • GEF

    Global Environment Facility

  • GESAMP

    Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution

  • GHG

    greenhouse gas

  • GLP

    good laboratory practice

  • GMO

    genetically modified organism

  • GPA

    Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities

  • GRI

    Global Reporting Initiative

  • IAEA

    International Atomic Energy Agency

  • IAF

    International Accreditation Forum

  • (p. xxv) IAS

    invasive alien species

  • IBRD

    International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)

  • ICAO

    UN International Civil Aviation Organization

  • ICCAT

    International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas

  • ICCPR

    International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

  • ICJ

    International Court of Justice

  • ICRW

    International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling

  • IDA

    International Development Association

  • IEC

    International Electrotechnical Commission

  • IEL

    international environmental law

  • IFAD

    International Fund for Agricultural Development

  • IFC

    International Finance Corporation

  • IFCS

    (WHO) Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety

  • IFI

    international financial institution

  • IGO

    intergovernmental organisation

  • IL

    international law

  • ILA

    International Law Association

  • ILC

    International Law Commission

  • ILO

    International Labour Organization

  • IMCO

    International Maritime Consultative Organisation (now the IMO)

  • IMF

    International Monetary Fund

  • IMO

    International Maritime Organization

  • INC

    intergovernmental negotiating committee

  • IO

    international organization

  • IOMC

    Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals

  • IPCC

    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

  • IPOA

    international plan of action

  • IPR

    intellectual property rights

  • IR

    international relations

  • ISA

    International Seabed Authority

  • ISEAL

    International Social and Environmental Accrediting and Labelling Alliance

  • ISO

    International Organization for Standardization

  • ITL

    international transactions log

  • ITLOS

    International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

  • ITPGRFA

    International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

  • IUCN

    World Conservation Union (formerly International Union for the Conservation of Nature)

  • (p. xxvi) IUU

    illegal, unregulated and unreported

  • IWC

    International Whaling Commission

  • JI

    joint implementation

  • LBS

    land-based sources and activities of marine pollution

  • LMO

    living modified organism

  • LOSC

    (UN) Convention on the Law of the Sea

  • LOT

    load-on-top system (oil pollution)

  • LRTAP

    Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (Convention)

  • MDG

    Millennium Development Goal

  • MEA

    multilateral environmental agreement

  • MEPC

    (IMO) Maritime Environment Protection Committee

  • MFMP

    Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol

  • MSC

    Marine Stewardship Council

  • MSY

    maximum sustainable yield

  • NAAEC

    North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation

  • NAFO

    Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization

  • NAFTA

    North American Free Trade Agreement

  • NAO

    (US) National Audit Office

  • NASCO

    North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization

  • NEPAD

    New Partnership for Africa’s Development

  • NGO

    non-governmental organization

  • NIEO

    New International Economic Order

  • NOW

    (US) National Organization for Women

  • NPM

    new public management

  • NTTAA

    (US) National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

  • OAS

    Organization of American States

  • ODA

    official development assistance

  • ODS

    ozone-depleting substance

  • OECD

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

  • OHCHR

    Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

  • OIE

    World Organisation for Animal Health (formerly Organisation International Epizootique)

  • OP/BP

    operational policy / bank policy

  • OSHA

    (US) Occupational Safety and Health Administration

  • OSPAR

    Convention for Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic

  • P&I

    protection and indemnity club

  • PCB

    polychlorinated biphenyl

  • PCF

    Prototype Carbon Fund

  • PD

    prisoner’s dilemma

  • PEFC

    Program for the Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes

  • (p. xxvii) PGCT

    (Code of Conduct for) Plant Germoplasm Collecting and Transfer

  • PIC

    prior informed consent

  • POP

    persistent organic pollutant

  • PP

    precautionary principle

  • PPM

    process and production method

  • PRAM

    (OSPAR) Programs and Measures Committee

  • RAINS

    (LRTAP) Regional Acidification Information and Simulation

  • REACH

    (EU Framework for) Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals

  • RIA

    regulatory impact analysis

  • RMU

    removal unit

  • RTB

    race to the bottom

  • SADC

    Southern African Development Community

  • SAICM

    Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management

  • SAP

    structural adjustment programme

  • SBT

    southern bluefin tuna

  • SDR

    special drawing right

  • SEAFO

    South-East Atlantic Fisheries Organisation

  • SEP

    supplemental environmental project

  • SRI

    socially responsible investment

  • TEAP

    (Montreal Protocol) Technology and Economic Assessment Panel

  • TNC

    transnational corporation

  • TRAFFIC

    Trade Records Analysis of Flora and Fauna in Commerce

  • TRIPS

    Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

  • TWAIL

    third world approaches to international law

  • UN

    United Nations

  • UNCC

    United Nations Compensation Commission

  • UNCED

    United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio Conference)

  • UNCERD

    United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

  • UNCHE

    United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference)

  • UNCHR

    United Nations Commission on Human Rights

  • UNCSD

    United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development

  • UNDP

    United Nations Development Programme

  • UNECE

    United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

  • UNEP

    United Nations Environment Programme

  • UNESCO

    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

  • UNFAO

    United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization

  • UNFCCC

    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

  • UNGA

    United Nations General Assembly

  • (p. xxviii) UNHCR

    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

  • UNIDO

    United Nations Industrial Development Organization

  • UNITAR

    United Nations Institute for Training and Research

  • USAID

    United States Agency for International Development

  • USSR

    Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

  • VOC

    volatile organic compound

  • WAD

    Women and Development

  • WBCSD

    World Business Council for Sustainable Development

  • WCAR

    World Conference against Racism

  • WCD

    World Commission on Dams

  • WCED

    World Commission on Environment and Development (Brundtland Commission)

  • WCN

    World Charter for Nature

  • WCS

    World Conservation Strategy

  • WEDO

    Women’s Environment & Development Organization

  • WEO

    World Environmental Organization

  • WESD

    Women, Environment and Sustainable Development

  • WHO

    World Health Organization

  • WID

    Women in Development

  • WIPO

    World Intellectual Property Organization

  • WRI

    World Resources Institute

  • WSF

    World Social Forum

  • WSSD

    World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesberg Conference)

  • WTO

    World Trade Organization

  • WWF

    Worldwide Fund for Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund)