International law empowers, constrains, and compels governments in various ways and at various levels. For example, a country that enters into free trade agreements gains economic advantages it would not otherwise enjoy but, at the same time, its freedom to pursue other policies will be affected. It may no longer be permitted to protect domestic industries, thus increasing unemployment in some sectors of the economy, and making it more difficult to promote the economic and social welfare of some of its citizens. Other parts of its economy may develop more rapidly,...
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