Part I General Issues, Ch.6 Formality and Informality
Stephen J. Toope
Edited By: Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunnée, Ellen Hey
- Sustainable development — Environmental disputes — Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
This chapter explores contested terrain in the no-man’s land between international law and politics—the work of ‘norms’ in social, including legal, change. International environmental law has served as the crucible for much of the theoretical debate, and a central focus of this debate has been on the effectiveness of various types of formal and informal norms. The category of ‘norm’ is inclusive and general. A norm may be vague or specific—it may mean a widespread social practice, a social prescription, a legal principle articulated to shape the evolution of a...