Who should make the decisions that determine the planet’s ecological health? Which groups or institutions—local, national, regional, or global—are best placed, and have the greatest claim, to manage the earth’s resources? Questions about how environmental decisions are made and who makes them—that is, questions of environmental governance—lie at the heart of environmental law and policy. This chapter focuses on one important aspect of governance, namely the allocation of authority over environmental issues among different levels of governance. The fundamental...
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