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The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law edited by Bodansky, Daniel; Brunnée, Jutta; Hey, Ellen (7th August 2008)

Part VI Actors and Institutions, Ch.31 Changing Role of the State

Thilo Marauhn

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law

Edited By: Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunnée, Ellen Hey

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 15 November 2019

Subject(s):
Sovereignty — Responsibility of states — NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations)
Since the early days of modern public international law, the state has been the most important subject thereof. However, today, the state neither is the sole, nor necessarily the primary, actor in international (environmental) relations. In recent years, the role of the state and, notably, the ability of the state to address environmental risks and threats have increasingly come to be scrutinized. While states’ standard setting remains important, commentators have argued that the ability and willingness of states to implement and enforce such standards have major...
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