Many, if not most, standards in international environmental law (IEL) are created by states. The most common form of standard setting involves states adopting national legislation and regulations on the basis of commitments made in international or regional agreements. This article concerns a different kind of standard setting—namely that carried out by private or quasi-private entities. Private standards differ from public IEL standards in two major respects. First, the standards are aimed directly at organizations—mostly business organizations (see Chapter 35...
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