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Part II Analytical Tools and Perspectives, Ch.12 Critical Approaches

Karin Mickelson

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law

Edited By: Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunnée, Ellen Hey

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 06 March 2021

NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations) — Sustainable development — Marine environment, protection
‘Critical approaches’ relevant to international environmental law do not lend themselves to easy identification. A critical approach in a broad sense might be seen as any approach that challenges the fundamental assumptions of the discipline: the state-based international order, anthropocentrism and/or utilitarianism as the basis for relationships between humans and the natural world, and the standard definition of progress in terms of the current state of Northern industrial development, among others. These assumptions, of course, run through not only mainstream...
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