International environmental law is still a relatively new field (see Chapter 2 ‘Evolution of International Environmental Law’). For example, the UN Charter of 1945 does not list environmental protection among the purposes and principles that it aims to promote, and it was only in the 1970s that a UN body specifically devoted to environmental matters, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), was established. Of course, legal issues that, today, we would describe as environmental issues are not entirely new,1 nor are legal arrangements that, today, we would...
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