Aliens enjoy protection by virtue of a body of traditional rules of international law (the so-called ‘minimum standard’) which in our time have been more or less absorbed, substantively speaking, by the regime of human rights, with the exception of those protections relating to property. However, these customary rules do not confer rights directly on the interested party. When the State on whose territory they reside infringes those rules, it is the rights of the victim’s State of nationality which are prejudiced. Notwithstanding certain criticisms, this...
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