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The Law of International Responsibility edited by Crawford, James; Pellet, Alain; Olleson, Simon; Parlett, Kate

Part IV The Content of International Responsibility, Ch.58 Maritime Law

Gabriel Nakhleh, Mikael Quimbert

From: The Law of International Responsibility

Edited By: James Crawford, Alain Pellet, Simon Olleson, Kate Parlett

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 16 July 2019

Subject(s):
Responsibility of states — Compensation — Marine environment, protection
The international legal framework for maritime activities has greatly evolved over the last 15 years and can today be expressed as encompassing three principles. First, the ‘perils of the sea’, the basis for the limitation of civil responsibility of the owner, remains a traditional principle in maritime law. This is specifically linked to the dangerous character of the maritime adventure. Thus, the French Commercial Code in the edition of the First Empire, which was in force until the 1960s, stated that: any owner of a ship must bear the civil liability for the...
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