The European Convention on Human Rights,1 signed in Rome on 4 November 1950, established mechanisms of State responsibility for breaches of human rights which were unique at that time. This responsibility has particular characteristics which will be analysed in this Chapter. It will also be necessary to say a few words on another international instrument which was also signed in the context of the Council of Europe, the European Social Charter.2 The responsibility of States under the European Convention on Human Rights (and incidentally under the European Social...
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