The obligation to prevent a certain event forms part of the special category of international obligations, namely obligations of result. It is not clear whether this obligation is a primary or secondary rule of international law. This was the reason why the ILC, in its debates on the international responsibility of States, doubted whether such an obligation should be taken into account at all in the context of a codification of secondary rules of international law. This also explains why obligations of prevention were given reduced attention in the second reading...
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