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The Law of International Responsibility edited by Crawford, James; Pellet, Alain; Olleson, Simon; Parlett, Kate

Part III The Sources of International Responsibility, Ch.29 International Crimes of States

James Crawford

From: The Law of International Responsibility

Edited By: James Crawford, Alain Pellet, Simon Olleson, Kate Parlett

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 08 December 2019

Genocide — Aggression — Apartheid — Wrongful acts — Responsibility of states — Erga omnes obligations
The traditional position of international law on the question of international crimes of States was expressed by the Nürnberg Tribunal, which stated that: Crimes against international law are committed by men, not by abstract entities, and only by punishing individuals who commit such crimes can the provisions of international law be enforced. 1 Treaties recognizing or establishing international crimes affirmed the Tribunal’s position. The first of the post-war criminal law conventions, the Genocide Convention, specifi cally provided in article IX for State...
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