13 Article 5: Civil and Political Rights
From: The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination: A Commentary
- Freedom of association — Freedom of expression — Ethnicity — Minorities — Race
This chapter details the provisions for paragraphs (a) to (d) of Article 5. It reviews the article’s chapeau before turning to the minutiae of Article 5(a), which refers to the right to equal treatment before tribunals and all other organs administering justice. Next, paragraph (b) explores the right to security of the person and protection by the State against violence or bodily harm, whether inflicted by government officials or by any individual, group or institution. Article 5(c) covers rights of political participation—in elections, government, public affairs, and public service. Finally, paragraph (d) details other civil rights, such as the right to freedom of movement and residence; international travel; nationality; marriage and choice of spouse; ownership of property; inheritance; freedom of thought, conscience, and religion; freedom of opinion and expression; and freedom of peaceful assembly and association.