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Part II The Substantive Law of Non-International Armed Conflict, 5 Identifying a Non-International Armed Conflict: Armed Conflicts and Internal Tensions and Disturbances

From: The Law of Non-International Armed Conflict

Sandesh Sivakumaran

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 05 March 2021

Armed conflict, non-international — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Geneva Conventions 1949 Additional Protocol 2 — Belligerence — Armed forces
The definition of an armed conflict not of an international character, or at least the ability to identify when such a conflict exists, is crucial for the application of the law of non-international armed conflict. Since 1949, a functional approach has been taken to the applicability of the law. It applies irrespective of terminology, recognition by the parties, or consent. A factual situation, that of a non-international armed conflict, brings the law of non-international armed conflict into play. For such a foundational issue, determining whether or not a...
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