(b. Spring Creek, Pennsylvania, 13 Feb. 1892; d. Washington DC, 9 Oct. 1954), Jackson was an American jurist and associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1942–1954; architect of the international criminal trial process, and Chief Counsel for the US at the post-World War II Nuremberg IMT in Germany. Jackson, the descendant of Pennsylvania settlers, moved with his family to New York when he was five years old. After graduation from high school in 1910, he spent a year of postgraduate study at the same school, then found employment as a clerk in...
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