Gacaca (pronounced ‘gachacha’) is the term used to describe the transitional justice mechanism established in Rwanda to prosecute and try some of the individuals suspected of having committed genocide or crimes against humanity between 1 October 1990 and 31 December 1994 in Rwanda. It was originally established by the Rwandan Organic Law nº 40/2000 of 26 January 2001, completed by the Organic Law nº 33/2001 of 22 June 2001 modifying and completing Organic Law nº 40/2000. These laws were revised by the Organic Law nº 16/2004 of 19 June 2004 and by the Organic Law...
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