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Part II Substantive Law, Ch.8 Trips

Andrew D Mitchell, Tania Voon

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Trade Law

Edited By: Daniel Bethlehem, Donald McRae, Rodney Neufeld, Isabelle Van Damme

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 12 May 2021

Intellectual property — Most-favoured-nation treatment (MFN) — National treatment — Developing countries — BITs (Bilateral Investment Treaties) — Self-determination — Economic, social, and cultural rights
During the Uruguay Round of negotiations that finally created the WTO in 1995, the TRIPS Agreement was one of the most controversial new agreements added by the GATT 1947 Contracting Parties.1 The TRIPS Agreement defines ‘intellectual property’ (IP) as copyright and related rights, trademarks, geographical indications, industrial designs, patents, layout-designs (topographies) of integrated circuits, and undisclosed information (Article 1.2). Thus, this agreement on ‘trade-related aspects’ of IP bears on subjects as wide-ranging as books, computer programs,...
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