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Part III Settlement of Disputes, Ch.11 The Institutional Dimension

Valerie Hughes

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Trade Law

Edited By: Daniel Bethlehem, Donald McRae, Rodney Neufeld, Isabelle Van Damme

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 12 May 2021

Mediation — International trade
The WTO dispute settlement system has its origins in Articles XXII and XXIII GATT 1947. These two articles provide that complaints about matters affecting the operation of the GATT 1947, or failure to carry out GATT obligations, are to be discussed by the parties concerned with a view to finding a solution. If none is found, the GATT membership as a whole must investigate the complaint and make a recommendation or give a ruling and, in some circumstances, authorize retaliation. Other than these very general directives, Articles XXII and XXIII are silent on...
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