The WTO dispute settlement system has its origins in Articles XXII and XXIII GATT 1947. These two articles provide that complaints about matters affecting the operation of the GATT 1947, or failure to carry out GATT obligations, are to be discussed by the parties concerned with a view to finding a solution. If none is found, the GATT membership as a whole must investigate the complaint and make a recommendation or give a ruling and, in some circumstances, authorize retaliation. Other than these very general directives, Articles XXII and XXIII are silent on...
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full
to access all content.