Part II Modes of the Creation of States in International Law, Ch.7 Dependent States and Other Dependent Entities
James R Crawford
A perennial problem in the law and practice of territorial status has been the various types of dependent entities. Precisely because of their dependence, many of these did not qualify as States under the criteria discussed in Chapter 2. Nonetheless they appeared to possess a legal personality distinct from any other State, including the ‘dominant’ State. The existence of such ‘dependent States’ seemed to nineteenth-century writers strange and anachronistic. Oppenheim referred to their existence as an ‘anomaly’, language changed only in the ninth edition.1 A legal...