Part IV Issues of Commencement, Continuity and Extinction, Ch.17 The Extinction of States
James R Crawford
Intimately connected to the problem of identity and continuity, discussed in Chapter 16, is that of extinction: in what circumstances does a State become extinct so that the various incidents of succession are brought into play?1 The rules or presumptions discussed in Chapter 16 are equally relevant here. A State is not necessarily extinguished by substantial changes in territory, population or government, or even, in some cases, by a combination of all three. Continuation of a State entity under a regime such as a protectorate with some degree of international...