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Part I The Concept of Statehood in International Law, Ch.1 Statehood and Recognition

James Crawford

From: The Creation of States in International Law (2nd Edition)

James R Crawford

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 26 September 2020

The formation of a new State is … a matter of fact, and not of law.1 [T]he existence of a State is a question of fact and not of law. The criterion of statehood is not legitimacy but effectiveness …2 [N]otre pays s’est toujours fondé, dans ses décisions de reconnaissance d’un État, sur le principe de l’effectivité, qui implique l’existence d’un pouvoir responsable et indépendent s’exerçant sur un territoire et une population.3 At the beginning of the twentieth century there were some fifty acknowledged States. Immediately before World War II there were about...
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