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2 Biological and Chemical Weapons

From: Arms Control and Disarmament Law

Stuart Casey-Maslen

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 26 November 2022

Arms control — Armed conflict — Disarmament

This chapter addresses the two global WMD disarmament treaties with the broadest participation: the 1971 Biological Weapons Convention and the 1992 Chemical Weapons Convention. It summarizes the negotiation of the two treaties and describes their content. It also compares and contrasts the operation and implementation of the 1971 treaty, to which 183 States are party, and the 1992 treaty, to which 193 of 197 States are party. This chapter highlights the challenge of verifying compliance with the Biological Weapons Convention as it lacked a formal structure. It describes the operation of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and verifies its use in Syria.

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