- Compensation — Reparations — Restitution
This chapter explores the remedies for violations of international cultural heritage law. Notwithstanding the availability of justice mechanisms, the question of repairing attacks against culture poses a set of philosophical and practical questions—namely, the definition of victimhood and adequate measures of reparation. Here, international law provides a relatively harmonized account of reparation, based on a restorative approach. As such, reparation should be adequate and proportionate to the harm suffered and may therefore consist of one or more of the five following measures: compensation, restitution, satisfaction, rehabilitation, and guarantees of non-repetition. The chapter then looks at the categories of recurrent harms against culture that have received international attention, whether from a legal or political perspective—namely, looted or stolen art; historical processes of group cultural destruction; and intentional attacks against cultural heritage.
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