- Intellectual property
This chapter examines the protection of both cultural heritage and intellectual property. The relationship between cultural heritage and intellectual property evolves in a profoundly complex setting—with many institutions and actors involved, often with very different or even divergent interests, and within a fragmented legal regime. Although intellectual property law has developed sophisticated rules with regard to a variety of intellectual property forms, it is based on certain author-centred and mercantilist premises that do not work so well with the protection of traditional knowledge (TK) and traditional cultural expressions (TCE). Nevertheless, in the fields of patent, trademark, and copyright protection, there are tools that may provide some, albeit imperfect, protection of TK and TCE. The chapter maps the mismatches and the gaps and asks whether these can be addressed in some viable way—be it through adjusting the existing rules or through the creation of new tailored models of protection.
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