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Part II Substantive Aspects, Ch.10 Grasping the Nettle of Illicit Export, Import, and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Objects

Folarin Shyllon

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Cultural Heritage Law

Edited By: Francesco Francioni, Ana Filipa Vrdoljak

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 16 January 2021

Ethical standards

This chapter studies the illegal import, export, and transfer of ownership of movable cultural objects. Illicit trafficking in cultural property has been going on for decades. The exponential increase in the 1960s raised concern, and this coincided with the wave of independence being granted to several African countries and Asian countries. Codes of ethics and international treaties are two important elements of the current, major international effort to prevent the damage caused by the illegal trade in cultural objects that continue to blossom. Another key element is increased globalization of cultural heritage law. Finally, the creation of national cultural heritage police units by all countries is very important.

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