- Civil aviation — Non-civil aviation — Transport — Climate change — Pollution
This chapter focuses on the main environmental issues relating to aviation and maritime transport, and the key international legal and regulatory frameworks and tools in place to address them. The environmental regulation of aviation and maritime transport activities is orchestrated primarily under the auspices of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO), two United Nations (UN) specialized agencies dealing with all aspects of aviation and maritime transport, respectively. However, the environmental governance of aviation and maritime transport also encompasses actors, processes, and instruments outside these regimes, and interactions with other treaty-based regimes. The chapter then examines the specific regulation of different environmental matters. It also looks at the key issues and pathways for the sustainable future of these sectors.
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