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Part V Subject Matter, Ch.34 Aviation and Maritime Transport

Beatriz Martinez Romera

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law (2nd Edition)

Edited By: Lavanya Rajamani, Jacqueline Peel

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 28 November 2022

Civil aviation — Non-civil aviation — Transport — Climate change — Pollution

This chapter focuses on the main environmental issues relating to aviation and maritime transport, and the key international legal and regulatory frameworks and tools in place to address them. The environmental regulation of aviation and maritime transport activities is orchestrated primarily under the auspices of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO), two United Nations (UN) specialized agencies dealing with all aspects of aviation and maritime transport, respectively. However, the environmental governance of aviation and maritime transport also encompasses actors, processes, and instruments outside these regimes, and interactions with other treaty-based regimes. The chapter then examines the specific regulation of different environmental matters. It also looks at the key issues and pathways for the sustainable future of these sectors.

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