Jump to Content Jump to Main Navigation
The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons - A Commentary by Casey-Maslen, Stuart (5th February 2019)

Further Material

From: The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons: A Commentary

Stuart Casey-Maslen

Prev | Next

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. Subscriber: null; date: 15 November 2019

(p. 263) Index

References are either to page numbers (1 to 58) or paragraph numbers (0.01 to 21.02)

ABM Treaty 40
Acquisition (of nuclear weapons)
Prohibition of 1.30–1.32
Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions 0.84, 0.85, 0.87, 0.95, 0.99, 0.102, 0.103, 0.104, 0.110
Additional Protocol II to the Geneva Conventions 0.87, 0.96
Afghanistan 2
Aggression 1.09
Airbus (Group) 1.128
Algeria 15, 24–25, 0.64, 0.163, 6.05, 6.29
al-Qaeda 1.101, 17.12
Amano, Yukiya 0.167
Amendments 10.01 et seq.
Antarctic Treaty 3334
Entry into force 34
States Parties 34
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. see ABM Treaty
Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention 0.84, 0.85, 0.177, 1.07, 1.30, 1.33, 1.64, 1.66, 1.92, 1.112, 1.143, 4.27, 5.02, 6.03, 7.12, 16.02, 18.11, 19.03
Argentina 23–24, 0.111, 0.137, 1.76, 2.04, 3.16, 5.03
Arkhipov, Vasili Aleksandrovich 0.35
Armed conflict (and withdrawal) 17.10–17.12
Armenia 1.105
Arms control 33
Arms Trade Treaty 8.11, 18.01, 18.08, 19.02
Arsenal (see also Stockpiles)
Global 11
Assisting (prohibited activities) 1.04, 1.05
Prohibition 1.88 et seq.
Association of Southeast Asian Nations 44
Atomic bomb (see also Fission) 1, 5
Aurora 17 1.113
Aust, Anthony 11.03
Australia 16, 0.70, 0.71, 0.72
Bangladesh 17.05
Barometric altimeter 1.23
Baruch, Bernard 0.124
Baruch Plan 0.124
Beahan, Kermit 10
Belarus 39, 0.43, 0.44, 1.105, 2.02
Belgium 1.137
Benin 3.19
Bikini Atoll 13, 0.49, 1.72, 6.11
Biological Weapons Convention 1.07, 1.27, 1.30, 1.33, 1.69, 1.70, 1.88, 1.91
Bock’s Car 10
Bohr, Nils 4, 5
Botha, P. W. 22
Breakout time 27
Brookings Institution 0.53
Brownlie, Ian 1.80
Bukharin, Oleg 1.24
Bush, George H. W. 40
Bushehr 27
Cabo Verde 3.19
Caesium 0.50, 0.51, 6.18
Cancer 0.46
Castle Bravo (test) 13, 1.72, 6.11
Certified copies (of the Treaty) 19.04
Chatham House 0.66, 0.72
Chemical Weapons Convention 0.59, 1.07, 1.18, 1.27, 1.29, 1.30, 1.33, 1.69, 1.70, 1.99, 1.108, 1.143, 2.04, 2.08, 2.10, 4.22, 4.27, 5.02, 5.04, 7.07, 7.11, 16.02
Chernobyl 0.43, 0.44, 0.48, 0.50, 0.51
Chile 50, 1.03, 3.15, 6.06, 7.06, 10.02
China 11, 1415, 24, 30, 31, 41, 43, 45, 52, 53, 1.75, 1.138
Ministry of Foreign Affairs 53
Christmas Island (testing) (see also Kiribati) 13, 16, 6.13
Civilian objects
Definition of 0.89
Civilians
Definition of 0.88
Clapham, Andrew 54
Clinton, William Jefferson 13, 40
Collective Security Treaty 46
Organization 1.104, 1.105, 1.106
Colombia 0.96, 0.145
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty 13, 15, 23, 33, 41, 49, 50, 55, 58, 0.13, 0.1520.155, 1.36, 1.37, 1.61, 1.72, 5.04, 18.03, 18.10
Ratifying states 0.155
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) 41, 0.64, 0.65, 1.41, 1.42
(p. 264) Conference on Disarmament 33, 53
Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons 0.85, 0.105, 6.03, 18.11
Convention on Cluster Munitions 0.85, 1.07, 1.30, 1.33, 1.92, 1.144, 4.22, 6.03, 6.05, 6.10, 7.12, 7.18, 12.02, 16.02, 19.03
Cook Islands 2.10, 8.09, 14.04
Costa Rica 49, 0.121, 6.05, 14.04
Costs
of nuclear weapons 0.135–0.136
of treaty implementation 9.01 et seq.
Crawford, James 1.97
Crimes against humanity 0.109
Critical mass 7
Cruise missile 38
Cuban Missile Crisis 11, 0.32, 0.340.35, 0.127
Customary international law 52, 5358
Opinio juris 55–56
Overlap with treaties 57
Persistent objector status 56
Usus (state practice) 54–55
Cyber
attack 0.29
Czech Republic 1.112
de Hevesy, George 0.168
Declarations (Treaty) 2.01 et seq.
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 11, 17, 1921, 28, 32, 36–37, 41, 52, 55, 0.33, 1.25, 1.84, 1.85, 1.129, 3.11, 7.20, 17.08, 17.09
Development (of nuclear weapons) 6–10, 11ff, 1.17–1.26
Development of Substitute Materials see Manhattan Project
Diego Garcia 45
Dinstein, Yoram 0.94, 0.101, 0.104, 0.117, 1.64, 1.79
Diplomatic Conference
First Session 48–49
Second Session 50–51
Disarmament 33, 35, 36, 0.145, 4.10 et seq.
Nuclear, slow pace of 0.132
Djibouti 3.19
Dr Strangelove 1.32
Eide, Espen Barth 0.40
Einstein, Albert 3, 4, 5
Special Theory of Relativity 3, 4
Eisenhower, Dwight D. 0.125, 0.126
ElBaradei, Mohamed 0.166
Encouraging (prohibited activities) 1.04, 1.05
Prohibition 1.88 et seq.
ENMOD Convention 0.99
Enola Gay 10
Environment, protection of 0.99–0.101
Equatorial Guinea 3.19
Erga omnes (obligation) 0.56
Eritrea 3.19
Ethical imperatives 0.53–0.54
Ethics versus morality 0.54
Exclusive economic zone 44
Fallon, Michael 29
FAO 0.169
‘Fat Man’ 8
Federation of American Scientists 11, 1.24, 4.21
Fermi, Enrico 5
Fihn, Beatrice 0.178
Financing (of nuclear weapons) 1.02, 1.04, 1.117
First Meeting of States Parties 4.13, 4.22, 8.07, 8.08
Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty 41
Fission device 1, 3–6
Food and Agriculture Organization see FAO
France 11, 1516, 43, 45, 46, 49, 52, 53, 0.64, 0.139, 6.29, 7.20
French Polynesia 15, 0.64
Frisch, Otto 4
Fukushima 0.44, 0.167
Gaddafi, Muammar 22, 23
Gambia, the 14.04
Geneva Conventions 0.27
Geneva Protocol (1925) 1.69
Genocide 0.109
Germany 5, 1.113, 1.137
Efforts to develop nuclear weapon 5
Ghana 0.111, 17.05
Global positioning system (GPS) 1.23
Global public good 0.52, 0.56–0.58
Global Zero 0.135
Golden Arrow (incidents) 0.30
Gomez Robledo, Juan Manuel 0.27
Grays (Gy) 0.23, 0.46, 0.48
Greenland 1.32
Ground zero 2, 0.63
Groves, Leslie 6
Guatemala 0.137, 0.157, 1.03, 17.05
Guinea 3.19
Guinea Bissau 3.19
(p. 265) Gun-type (nuclear weapon) 7, 22
Guyana 14.04
Hague Convention II (1899) 0.98, 0.110
Hahn, Otto 4
Haley, Nikki 32, 48
Hanford 6, 7
Heller, Kevin Jon 57
Hibakusha 48, 0.61–0.63, 0.175, 0.176
Discrimination against 6.27
Hiroshima 2, 8, 910, 12, 13, 0.23, 0.24, 0.44, 0.61, 0.63, 0.176, 1.23, 6.11
Estimated casualties 9–10
Holy See 0.52, 0.173, 14.04
Hosting (nuclear weapons) 1.131 et seq., 3.07, 4.33–4.35
Humanitarian
Consequences 0.21 et seq.
Initiative 4647
Pledge 0.36, 0.40
Human rights 0.18
Human Rights Committee 6.09
Hussein, Sadaam 25
Hydrogen bomb (see also Fusion; thermonuclear weapon)1, 0.30
IAEA 22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 45, 0.49, 0.126, 0.166, 0.167, 1.22, 3.01, 3.03, 3.08, 4.02, 4.03, 4.05, 4.11, 4.12, 4.16, 4.18, 4.19, 4.24, 4.30, 4.31, 8.03, 17.08
Additional Protocol 28, 3.143.17, 4.11, 4.20, 4.30
Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement 26, 1.22, 3.01, 3.05, 3.08, 3.093.13, 4.11, 4.12, 4.19
ICAN 47, 0.177, 0.178
Nobel Peace Prize 0.178
ICBM 12, 14, 35, 1.25, 1.49, 1.57
ICRC 48, 0.24, 0.41, 0.82, 0.88, 0.96, 0.111, 1.02, 1.04, 6.03
Interpretive Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities under International Humanitarian Law 0.112
Implosion (nuclear weapon) 7
India 11, 1719, 30, 36, 41, 53, 55, 0.25, 0.33, 1.75, 1.86–1.87
Department of Atomic Energy 18
Indiscriminate attacks 0.90–0.91
Indonesia 50, 51, 0.28, 0.37, 0.111, 0.173, 1.03, 7.06, 17.05
Inducing (prohibited activities) 1.04, 1.05
Prohibition 1.15–1.16
INF Treaty 14, 37–39
Entry into force 38
States Parties 38
Withdrawal 39
Inter-American Court of Human Rights 0.96
Santo Domingo massacre case 0.96
Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty see INF Treaty
International Atomic Energy Agency see IAEA
International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons see ICAN
International Campaign to Ban Landmines 0.177
International Committee of the Red Cross see ICRC
International cooperation and assistance 7.01 et seq.
International Court of Justice 3, 15, 53, 0.05, 0.11, 0.113, 0.130, 4.17, 11.02
Barcelona Traction case 0.56
Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro 1.96, 1.97
Continental Shelf case 54, 57
Fisheries case 56
Jurisdictional Immunities of the State case 54n382, 56
Marshall Islands case 58
Nicaragua case 54
North Sea Continental Shelf case 55, 57
Nuclear Tests case 15, 0.78, 1.135, 7.08
Nuclear Weapons Advisory Opinion 36, 57, 0.11, 0.86, 0.106, 0.110, 0.114, 0.144, 0.150, 1.63, 1.66, 1.67, 1.68, 1.79
Wall Advisory Opinion 54n384
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) 0.80, 5.04, 6.09, 6.26
International Covenant on Social, Economic and Cultural Rights 6.21
International Criminal Court 0.99
International humanitarian law (IHL) 0.79, 0.81, 0.82, 0.830.105, 6.19–6.20, 6.26
International human rights law 0.80, 6.21–6.24
International law (see also Customary international law)
Primary sources 0.77
Subsidiary means for determining rules of law 0.78
International Law Commission (ILC) 0.76, 0.83, 1.96
Draft Articles on the Responsibility of States for International Wrongful Acts 0.76, 1.96, 6.37
International peace and security 0.18, 0.54
International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War see IPPNW
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (see also ICRC) 46, 0.115, 0.176, 8.13
Council of Delegates 2011: Resolution 1 (Working towards the elimination of nuclear weapons) 0.115
IPPNW 0.177
Iraq 25, 0.104
Iraq Survey Group 25
Ireland 50, 0.37, 0.170, 0.173, 2.04, 2.06, 4.07, 5.03
Israel 11, 19
Italy 1.137
(p. 266) Japan 5, 26, 0.62, 1.85
Efforts to develop nuclear weapon 5
Johnson, Rebecca 0.177
Johnston Atoll 13
‘Join and destroy’ 49, 4.29
Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action 28
Jurisdiction 1.141–1.142, 5.11 et seq.
Jus ad bellum 35, 0.117–0.119
Jus cogens 1.78
Kashmir 0.33
Kazakhstan 8, 12, 39, 46, 1.105, 1.106, 2.02, 15.01
Kennedy, John F. 0.34, 0.35
Khan, A. Q. 20, 23
Khrushchev, Nikita 0.35
Kiribati 13
Kleib, Hasan 17.04
Koplow, David 56
Krutzsch, Walter 1.18
Krytron 1.23
Kuwait 0.104
Kyrgyzstan 46, 1.105, 1.106
Labbé, Alfredo 50, 51, 7.04, 7.05
Lapps 0.50
Law of armed conflict see International humanitarian law
Law enforcement
Rules of 0.80
Least diversion of resources for armaments 0.120–0.121
Legal person 5.13
Leonardo 1.128
Liberia 3.19
Libya 22–23
Lieber Code 0.97
Lieber, Francis 0.97
Liechtenstein 0.02, 0.28, 0.37, 0.111
Lincoln, Abraham 0.97
‘Little Boy’ 8
Lockheed Martin 1.117
Los Alamos 6, 7
Malaysia 1.05, 1.76, 2.04, 3.16, 10.02, 18.05
Malden Island 16
Manhattan Project 6–10
Manufacture (of nuclear weapons)
Definition 1.28
Prohibition 1.27–1.29
Markram, Thomas 48
Marshall Islands 13, 0.67, 1.100, 6.04, 6.06, 6.08, 6.11, 6.29, 6.32, 6.33, 6.36, 6.37, 6.38, 7.06
Martens, Fyodor Fyodorovich 0.110
Martens clause 0.110, 0.114
Massive Ordnance Airblast Bomb 1
Meetings of States Parties (see also First Meeting of States Parties) 8.01 et seq.
Megatons to Megawatts (programme) 4.28
Meitner, Lise 4
Micronesia 3.19
Military objective
Definition of 0.89
Military preparations (for use of nuclear weapons) 1.02, 1.03
MIRV 12, 15, 32, 1.24
Mongolia 46
Monist (system) 5.08
Monte Bello Islands 16
Moon 35
Morocco 50
MOX (mixed oxide) fuel 1.21
Mozambique 0.111, 1.05
Multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicle see MIRV
Mutually assured destruction 30
Nagasaki 3, 8, 10, 12, 0.44, 0.176, 1.23, 6.11
Estimated casualties 10
Nakamitsu, Izumi 0.55
NASA 1.75
Natanz (nuclear plant) 27
NATO 30, 38, 39, 0.133, 1.87, 1.89, 1.104, 1.107, 1.108, 1.109, 1.110, 1.114
Strategic Concept 31, 1.107, 1.109, 1.110, 1.114
Nayarit
Conference 47, 0.22
Nazi 5, 11
Efforts to develop nuclear weapon 5
Netherlands, The 43, 50, 51, 0.107, 0.134, 0.138, 1.05, 1.17, 1.88, 1.137, 5.03, 8.03, 18.04, 18.06
Nevada 13, 16, 1.74
‘Never under any circumstances’ 1.08–1.09
New Mexico 8
New START (Treaty) 12, 31, 40
New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty see New START
Nicaragua 14.04
Niger 23
Nigeria 0.37, 0.122, 1.05
Niue 8.09
Nizhny Novgorod 8
Nolan, Helena 50, 2.05, 3.06, 4.08
Non-armament 33
Non-intervention, principle of 0.20
Non-proliferation 33, 56, 0.145, 0.146
North Atlantic Treaty Organization see NATO
North Carolina 0.30
Norway 1.32
Novator 9M729 38
(p. 267) Novaya Zemlya 12
NPT 17, 19, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 3537, 49, 50, 55, 56, 0.09, 0.13, 0.22, 0.26, 0.27, 0.29, 0.73, 0.138, 0.144, 0.145, 0.1460.151, 0.161, 0.163, 0.164, 1.05, 1.10, 1.43, 2.08, 3.05, 3.10, 3.11, 3.20, 17.06, 18.03, 18.04, 18.06, 18.09, 18.10
Article I 36, 0.147, 0.165, 1.44
Article II 36, 0.147, 0.165, 1.53, 1.58, 1.121
Article III 36, 0.148, 1.142
Article IV 0.149, 0.164, 0.165
Article V 1.75
Article VI 36, 0.142, 0.144, 0.150
Article VII 0.160
as ‘cornerstone’ 35
Entry into force 36
Non-nuclear-weapon states 35, 1.44
Nuclear-weapon states 35, 1.44, 1.53
Special fissionable material 36, 0.148, 1.142
States parties 36, 0.151
Nuclear arms race 36
Nuclear deterrence 29–33, 52, 0.133
Nuclear Suppliers Group 18
Nuclear umbrella 26, 1.110
Nuclear-weapon-free zones 42, 0.1560.162
Nuclear weapons
Definition 1.101.13
Detonation above ground 1.23
Key components 1.20–1.24
Types 1.13
Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor 1.84, 1.106, 1.114, 1.128, 1.137
Oak Ridge 6, 7
Obama, Barack 14, 38
Operation Chrome Dome 1.32
Operation Snowball 1.73
Operation Storax 1.74
Oppenheimer, Robert 6–7
Organisation for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (OPCW) 0.59
Organisation of African Unity 45
Organization of American States 42
Oslo
Conference 47, 0.22, 0.41
‘Other nuclear explosive devices’
Definition of 1.141.16
Outer Space Treaty 34–35
Entry into force 35
States Parties 35
Pacta sunt servanda 1.48, 1.135, 5.05, 17.07, 18.14
Pakistan 11, 17, 23, 28, 30, 36, 41, 55, 0.25, 0.33, 1.86–1.87
Palau 14.04
Palestine, State of 49, 6.30, 6.31, 14.04
Palomares 0.31
Partial Test-Ban Treaty 33, 34, 0.09, 0.64, 1.37, 1.72, 18.10
Entry into force 34
States parties 34
Peace and disarmament education 0.173–0.174
Peaceful settlement of disputes 0.18, 11.04, 11.05
Peaceful use of nuclear energy 0.145, 0.149, 0.164
Peaceful use of nuclear technology 0.168, 0.169
Pelindaba (see also Treaty of Pelindaba) 22
Peremptory norm of international law see Jus cogens
Perry, Rick 1.21
Perry, William J. 31, 32
Peru 1.118
Petrov, Stanislav 11, 0.32
Philippines, the 0.52, 0.67, 0.163, 1.76, 7.05, 7.06
Pink flamingo 0.33
Plasai, Virachai 8.04, 17.03
Plutonium 6, 27, 1.21, 1.57, 1.124
Pits 1.21
Pompeo, Mike 20
Possession (of nuclear weapons)
Definition 1.34
Prohibition 1.33–1.35
Precautions in attack, Rule of 0.95–0.96
Production (of nuclear weapons)
Definition 1.28
Prohibition 1.27–1.29
Proportionality in attack, Rule of 0.93–0.94
Radiation
Gamma 2
Initial
definition 2n9
Ionizing 2, 0.46, 0.47
Neutron 2
Residual
definition 2n10
Sickness 6.16–6.18
Rauf, Tariq 3.03, 4.05
Reagan, Ronald 0.32
Receiving control (of nuclear weapon) 1.59–1.60
Reprisal, belligerent 1.09, 1.71
Republic of Korea 21, 26, 0.32
Reservations (to the Treaty) 16.01 et seq.
Right of innocent passage 44
Roosevelt, Franklin D 4, 5, 6
Roscini, Marco 0.160
Royal United Services Institute see RUSI
RUSI 29
Russia 2, 11, 1213, 30, 31, 38, 39, 40, 43, 45, 46, 52, 0.59, 1.105, 2.02, 4.28, 7.20
Ministry of Foreign Affairs 38, 52
Rutherford, Ernest 3
Rydell, Randy 0.142
(p. 268) Sadurska, Romana 1.80
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 45
Sakharov, Andrei 0.65
Samoa 14.04
San Marino 14.04
São Tomé & Principe 3.19
Saudi Arabia 28–29
Savitsky, Valentin 0.34
Schwebel, Stephen 0.108
Seabed Treaty 37
Entry into force 37
States Parties 37
Self-defence, right of 0.118
Semipalatinsk (see also Treaty of Semipalatinsk) 8
Shahabuddeen, Mohamed 0.114
Sievert 0.46
Signature (of the Treaty) 13.01 et seq.
Singapore 51, 1.04, 5.03, 18.14
SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute) 0.121, 1.20
SLBM 12, 14
SLCM 14
‘Smiling Buddha’ 18
Soddy, Frederick 3
Solis, Gary 0.99
Somalia 3.19
South Africa 22, 50, 0.02, 0.52, 2.05, 2.08, 3.04, 3.08, 4.07, 4.08, 5.04, 17.05, 18.07
South Carolina 0.31
South Korea see Republic of Korea
South Sudan 36, 3.20
Soviet Union 8, 11, 30, 31, 34, 35, 37, 0.32, 0.35, 0.124, 1.74, 2.02
Spain 45, 0.31
Special fissionable material 36
Stalin, Joseph 8
Stalingrad 8
START I 39, 2.02
Entry into force 39
START II 40
START III 40
Stationing (of nuclear weapons) 45, 49
Stockpiles (see also Arsenal; Stockpiling) 12
Stockpiling (of nuclear weapons)
Definition 1.35
Prohibition 1.33–1.35
Strassman, Fritz 4
Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty see START I; START II; START III
Stuxnet (virus) 27
Suzuki, Tatsusaburo 5
Switzerland 0.28, 0.163, 1.04, 3.04, 8.03, 8.10, 17.05, 18.05
Federal Supreme Court 20.03
Syria 26, 3.16
Szilard, Leo 3, 5
Tajikistan 46, 1.105, 1.106
Territory
Definition 1.140
Testimonium 21.01
Testing 7, 11, 12, 34, 55, 0.64–0.66, 6.12, 6.13
Chinese 14
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 20, 55
First test 8
Global overview 1.41, 1.42
on indigenous peoples 0.67–0.72
Indian 18
Largest in history 12
Pakistani 17
Prohibition of (see also CTBT, PTBT) 1.06, 1.07, 1.361.42
Russian 12
Subcritical 1.38, 1.39
United Kingdom 1617, 6.13
United States 8, 13
Thailand 0.175, 6.05, 14.04
‘The Gadget’ 8
Thermonuclear weapon 1
Threatening to use (nuclear weapons) 1.76 et seq.
Thurlow, Setsuko 51, 0.178
Ticehurst, Rupert 0.113
Timor-Leste 3.19
Tito, Josip 25
TNT 2, 8
Totskoye 3
Transfer 1.45 et seq.
Definition 1.45, 1.54
From non-state actor 1.58
Prohibition 1.45 et seq.
To non-state actor 1.51
Under the NPT 1.47
Treaty
Definition under international law 0.03
of Bangkok 42, 44, 0.09, 0.159, 1.123
of Pelindaba 42, 4445, 0.09, 0.159, 1.15, 1.123
of Rarotonga 42, 4344, 0.09, 0.159, 1.15, 1.26, 1.83, 1.121, 1.123, 1.140
of Semipalatinsk 42, 46, 0.09, 0.159, 1.15, 1.106, 1.123
of Tlatelolco 24, 4243, 0.09, 0.159, 0.161, 0.162, 1.10, 1.40, 1.67, 1.83
definition of nuclear weapons 1.10
on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons see NPT
Trident 1.117
Tritium 1.116
Truman, Harry S. 8
Trump, Donald 21, 28, 0.31, 1.84
Turkey 1.137
Turkmenistan 12, 46
Uganda 3.15
Ukraine 12, 39, 0.43, 0.44, 1.129, 1.130, 2.02
(p. 269) United Kingdom 11, 1617, 34, 35, 43, 45, 46, 49, 52, 53, 57, 0.51, 0.64, 0.70, 0.139, 1.116, 6.29, 7.20
Manual of the Law of Armed Conflict 0.101, 0.112
Supreme Court 6.22–6.23
United Nations (UN) (see also Diplomatic Conference) 21
Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC) 0.123
Disarmament Commission 0.119, 0.160
Guidelines on International Arms Transfers 0.119
General Assembly 11, 23, 33, 34, 41, 42, 43, 47, 56, 0.13, 0.48, 0.114, 0.122–0.130, 0.132, 0.134, 0.136, 0.160
Resolution 41 (1) 0.124
Resolution 1378 0.142
Resolution 1652 44
Resolution 2625 0.75
Resolution 3472B 42, 0.158
Resolution 3477 43n321
Resolution 45/56A 45n330
Resolution 68/32 0.128
Resolution 69/61 0.172
Resolution 70/48 0.36, 0.37
Resolution 71/49 0.130
Resolution 70/50 0.52, 0.53, 0.54, 0.55
Resolution 71/54 0.130
Resolution 71/58 0.130
Resolution 71/63 0.129
Resolution 71/75 0.129
Resolution 71/258 47, 0.129, 0.134
Resolution 72/74 42
Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) 0.41, 0.42
Office for Disarmament Affairs 48, 17.08
Scale of assessment 9.03
Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) 0.46, 0.48
Security Council 20, 55, 0.20, 0.119, 1.05, 1.11
Resolution 1172 55
Resolution 1325 0.170, 0.172
Resolution 1540 1.28, 1.94
Resolution 2356 20
Resolution 2375 55
Resolution 2397 55
Treaty Section 19.04
United States 2, 11, 1314, 34, 35, 37, 39, 40, 41, 43, 45, 46, 52, 53, 57, 0.30, 0.32, 0.33, 0.35, 0.49, 0.59, 0.64, 0.99, 0.121, 0.124, 0.139, 1.64, 1.74, 1.84, 1.100, 1.113, 1.116, 1.137, 1.139, 4.28, 6.29, 6.36, 6.38, 7.20, 17.09
Atomic Energy Commission (see also Department of Energy) 9, 6.33
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) 20, 27
Congress 0.136
Department of Defense 14, 35, 38, 0.31, 0.93, 0.94, 0.133, 0.136, 1.21, 1.24
Law of War Manual 0.93, 0.94
Nuclear Posture Review 14, 32–33, 0.133
Department of Energy 8, 6.32, 6.34, 6.35
Department of State 0.161, 0.162, 0.165
Supreme Court 1.72
Universality (of the Treaty) 0.174, 12.01–12.02
Unnecessary suffering rule 0.970.98, 0.108
Uranium 22, 25, 1.20, 1.57, 1.99, 1.116, 1.124
enrichment 6, 1.99
Highly enriched 1.20, 1.57, 1.116, 4.28
Uruguay 14.04
Use of force 0.19, 0.117–0.119
Use of nuclear weapons
Definition 1.63–1.66
Military exercise 3, 1.73
Peaceful purposes 42, 1.74, 1.75
Prohibition 1.611.75
Threat of use (see also Threatening to use) 1.03, 1.79
USSR see Soviet Union
Uzbekistan 12, 46
Vanuatu 14.04
Venezuela 0.111, 0.170, 3.16, 10.02, 14.04
Victim assistance 6.01 et seq.
Vienna
Conference 47, 0.22, 0.41
Convention on the Law of Treaties 0.05, 0.06, 1.71, 1.135, 2.15, 5.04, 13.04, 16.03, 18.12, 18.13, 19.04
Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations 4.17, 4.18, 4.25
Viet Nam 6.05, 14.04
Vietnam War 0.91
Warhead, nuclear 1.23
Weeramantry, Christopher 1.66
Wheeler, John Archibald 4
Whyte Gómez, Elayne 48, 49, 50, 51, 52
Withdrawal (from the Treaty) 7.01 et seq.
Women, participation in nuclear disarmament 0.170–0.172
Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) 0.177
Won-soo, Kim 48
World Health Organization (WHO) 0.44, 0.47, 0.169
Yeltsin, Boris 40
Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic 25
Zemanek, Karl 4.16