- Human rights — International criminal law — International humanitarian law — International organizations
This chapter highlights the relevance and impact of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the international law of global security. Security is a complex concept in today’s ever-complicated world. The traditional State-centric approach to security has been complemented, albeit not replaced, by a more human-oriented aspect. Today, NGOs may participate in the security discourse as increasingly relevant stakeholders, ensuring that a focus on human rights and the common interests of humankind is maintained in security debates. The chapter considers the role of NGOs in global and regional security arrangements. It then looks at their contribution in the field of global security in terms of standard-setting, norm application, and interpretation, as well as with regard to compliance and enforcement, in areas where the individual is centre stage: international humanitarian law, international criminal law, and international human rights law. Finally, the chapter examines the applicable international legal framework regulating engagement by NGOs and assesses whether NGO practice has been influenced by the ever-changing global security landscape.
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