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Part V Global and Regional Security Mechanisms, Ch.55 Interpol—The International Criminal Police Organization

Sabine Gless, Helge Elisabeth Zeitler

From: The Oxford Handbook of the International Law of Global Security

Edited By: Robin Geiß, Nils Melzer

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 23 June 2021

Subject(s):
International organizations

This chapter studies the role of the International Criminal Police Organization, or Interpol, in the global security architecture. The turbulent history of Interpol can be seen in certain geopolitical controversies of the past, most prominently the Nazi takeover during the Second World War and its subsequent loss of significance during the Cold War. It was only after the 9/11 attacks that Interpol’s technical infrastructure and internal organization were overhauled and it was given a broader mandate to actively participate in the fight against terrorism. With an increasingly visible role in the global security architecture, Interpol is now viewed as an important stakeholder, cooperating closely with key players in the United Nations system as well as at regional and national levels, significantly influencing the global approach to fighting terrorism and other serious crimes. The chapter then examines Interpol’s authority to act and the relevant legal framework. It analyses recent developments and contemporary challenges for Interpol, which has risen from an association of police authorities to an international organization, increasingly engaging in activities that influence global security and can infringe on individual liberties and human rights.

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