1 The IMO and Global Ocean Governance: Past, Present, and Future
Rosalie P. Balkin
Edited By: David J Attard, Rosalie P Balkin, Donald W Greig
- International co-operation — Marine environment, protection — Ships / vessels
This chapter shows how the 171 Member States and 3 Associate Members that make up the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) membership have shown themselves to be focussed on promoting the twin goals of safe, secure, sound, and efficient shipping on clean oceans. This has been achieved in part through the establishment and maintenance of a web of regulations ranging from over 50 fully fledged multinational conventions to a host of other so-called ‘soft law’ instruments. More remarkably, most of the Organization’s main safety and environmental conventions cover over 90 per cent of the tonnage of the world’s commercial fleet. This underscores the significance attributed by the IMO and its membership to the need for global standards and practices. Doubtless, however, much effort still remains to be expended to ensure the global uniform application of these regulations.