Edited By: Ilias Bantekas, Michael Ashley Stein, Dimitris Anastasiou
- Disability — Jurisdiction
This chapter examines Article 42 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). Multilateral treaties such as the CRPD, which are adopted after years of negotiation, are opened for signature either to all states or only those states that participated in the negotiations and the final conference. Signature clauses are typically distinct from accession and ratification clauses given their bifurcated legal nature and distinct legal effects. Multilateral treaties undergo a three-tier process: a) negotiation/discussion; b) signature of final text and; c) ratification, which is further distinguished by the deposit of an instrument of ratification and the adoption of implementing legislation at the domestic level. Article 42 states that present Convention shall be open for signature by all states and by regional integration organizations at United Nations Headquarters in New York as of 30 March 2007. By September 2017 there were approximately 175 ratifications and twelve signatories to the CRPD.