- Sustainable development — Environmental disputes — Pollution — Precautionary principle
The United Nations (UN) has taken action to protect the environment despite the absence of any explicit mention of the environment or its protection in the UN Charter. The UN has ‘played a pivotal role as a framework for developing environmental decision-making’. It has also ‘contributed to many of the principles of environmental law’, including the polluter-pays principle, the notion of common differentiated responsibilities, and the precautionary principle. This chapter discusses the work of the principal organs, including the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, and International Court of Justice; the work of the specialized agencies; institutional arrangements of multilateral environmental agreements; and the United Nations Environment Programme.
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