- Self-determination — Democracy
This chapter discusses the UN’s provision of electoral assistance. Electoral assistance on the part of the UN dates back to the late 1940s, with the UN observation of elections in the southern part of the Korean peninsula in 1948. During the 1960s and 1970s, the UN observed and supervised numerous elections, referenda, and plebiscites in the context of decolonization. By the 2000s, the principal form of UN electoral assistance was the provision of technical assistance. Between 1989 and 2006, 391 requests for electoral assistance had been made by 106 states. Of the 391 requests, assistance was provided in 289 cases. The discussions cover the rationale behind the provision of assistance; forms of assistance; procedure relating to the provision of assistance; UN entities involved in the provision of assistance; and the Focal Point and the Electoral Assistance Division.