- Organized crime — Corruption — Transparency
This chapter examines the development of the various corruption offences showing how the emphasis in regard to criminalization of corruption offences expanded from a narrow focus on transnational corruption to a broader focus that included different forms of domestic corruption, and the extension of the scope of criminality through related offences such as trading in influence and unexplained enrichment. It looks at the origins of these offences in domestic law, the development of measures based on regional conventions, and finally at the measures developed under the auspices of the UN and through soft law, before surveying their effectiveness.
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