Part I Introductory Chapters, 2 Foundations for the Paris Agreement
Joanna Depledge, Andrew Higham
Edited By: Daniel Klein, María Pía Carazo, Meinhard Doelle, Jane Bulmer, Andrew Higham
- Since World War II — Climate change — Environmental disputes — General principles of international law
This chapter provides the basis for an assessment of the Paris Agreement, and the prospects for its implementation and future strengthening. The Paris Agreement builds on a rich and complex body of institutions, rules, and procedures, which have evolved over 25 years to make up what is known as the UN climate regime. The foundations of this regime comprise the 1992 UNFCCC and the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. This chapter focuses on the substance of the climate change regime, sketching its main features as they stood on the eve of the Paris Conference. It also provides a graphical overview of key issues under the climate change regime, as well as the institutional structure of the regime.