Part II Analysis of the Provisions of the Agreement, 18 Transparency (Article 13)
Yamide Dagnet, Kelly Levin
Edited By: Daniel Klein, María Pía Carazo, Meinhard Doelle, Jane Bulmer, Andrew Higham
- Transparency — Climate change — Treaties, amendments and modification — Treaties, application — Treaties, interpretation
This chapter reviews the requirements of transparency under Article 13 of the Paris Agreement. These requirements are vital for building international trust and confidence that action is taking place and assessing how to facilitate further action and support for these actions. Under this Article, countries are required to report on progress on reducing GHG emissions and building climate resilience, as well as on the support they provide or receive. Article 13 lays out general principles for the transparency framework and a direction of travel for: enhancing the way countries share information on progress made to mitigate, adapt, provide or receive finance, advance technology development and transfer, and strengthen capacity-building; and the process for the subsequent review and consideration of such information. However, the detailed modalities, procedures, and guidelines for the enhanced transparency framework remain to be developed.