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Part II Analysis of the Provisions of the Agreement, 11 Voluntary Cooperation (Article 6)

Andrew Howard

From: The Paris Agreement on Climate Change: Analysis and Commentary

Edited By: Daniel Klein, María Pía Carazo, Meinhard Doelle, Jane Bulmer, Andrew Higham

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 26 September 2022

Climate change — Treaties, amendments and modification — Treaties, application — Treaties, interpretation — General principles of international law

This chapter provides an analysis for Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. The Article sets out several routes through which countries may wish to cooperate in implementing their nationally determined contributions (NDCs). Cooperation is to be on a fully voluntary basis and is to help make countries' climate action more efficient, allowing in turn for ambition in both mitigation and adaptation actions to rise. The chapter discusses how Article 6 sets the balance between proponents and detractors of market approaches to climate action. In addition, it looks at how Article 6 sets out three tangibly different approaches to international cooperation; via the cooperative approaches under Article 6.2 and 6.3, the UNFCCC-governed crediting mechanism under Article 6.4 to 6.7, and the framework for non-market approaches under Article 6.8 and 6.9.

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