- Compulsory jurisdiction — Consent to jurisdiction — Jurisdiction — International courts and tribunals, powers
This chapter describes international jurisdiction in personam and jurisdiction in rem — jurisdiction in relation to a party or potential or alleged party to a dispute, and jurisdiction over the dispute itself. International jurisdiction in rem raises issues of a more general nature than jurisdiction in personam , and is examined first. It is after all with regard to jurisdiction in rem that the basic principle of international judicial jurisdiction operates most directly. The chapter then turns to a discussion of consent and the principle of compétence de la competence. Moreover, the application of the consent principle is further complicated as a result of the fact that the Court is a permanent institution. Jurisdiction is a function of the will of the body of States parties to the Charter and Statute, not of the will of the specific parties to a given dispute.