- Subsidiary organs of international organizations — International courts and tribunals, powers
This chapter discusses the nature and role of the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The Court is named in Article 7 of the United Nations Charter as one of the ‘principal organs’ of the United Nations and as such is not subject to any direction or control by any of the other principal organs — in keeping with the basic principle of the independence of the judiciary. Its function is limited to deciding disputes. It has the power to decide and settle definitively any appropriate issue regularly brought before it. Furthermore, neither the Court nor any State other than the parties to a dispute has any power of initiative. The chapter then goes on to elaborate on the seat of the Court and its official languages.
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