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9 Cooperative Approaches to Regulating Activities on the Continental Shelf Beyond 200 Nautical Miles

From: The Continental Shelf Beyond 200 Nautical Miles: Rights and Responsibilities

Joanna Mossop

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 05 May 2021

Biodiversity — Fisheries — Marine living resources — Pollution — Coastal states — Continental shelf — High seas — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea)

This chapter suggests that, rather than dealing with activities on the continental shelf beyond 200 nm through unilateral action, coastal States should adopt bilateral and multilateral approaches to addressing their concerns. International organizations, regional fisheries management authorities (RFMOs), and regional environmental regimes may offer solutions that minimize the risk of potential disputes. The chapter examines two examples of State practice in this regard. First, Portugal has worked with the regional environmental and fishing regimes in the North-east Atlantic to gain protection for some areas on its extended continental shelf. Secondly, Mauritius and the Seychelles provide a model for cooperative development of the resources of the continental shelf beyond 200 nm.

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