9 Cooperative Approaches to Regulating Activities on the Continental Shelf Beyond 200 Nautical Miles
- Biodiversity — Fisheries — Marine living resources — Pollution — Coastal states — Continental shelf — High seas — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea)
This chapter suggests that, rather than dealing with activities on the continental shelf beyond 200 nm through unilateral action, coastal States should adopt bilateral and multilateral approaches to addressing their concerns. International organizations, regional fisheries management authorities (RFMOs), and regional environmental regimes may offer solutions that minimize the risk of potential disputes. The chapter examines two examples of State practice in this regard. First, Portugal has worked with the regional environmental and fishing regimes in the North-east Atlantic to gain protection for some areas on its extended continental shelf. Secondly, Mauritius and the Seychelles provide a model for cooperative development of the resources of the continental shelf beyond 200 nm.