6 Marine Scientific Research
- Natural resources — Marine living resources — Coastal states — Continental shelf — High seas — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea)
This chapter addresses marine scientific research on the continental shelf beyond 200 nm. Two issues arise for coastal States in exercising their jurisdiction over marine scientific research on the extended continental shelf. First, given that the vessels conducting research above the extended continental shelf will be in the high seas, rather than the exclusive economic zone (EEZ), there is a need to clarify how States distinguish between research in the high seas and research ‘on’ the continental shelf. Secondly, article 246(6) of the Law of the Sea Convention (LOSC) creates a particular limitation on coastal State rights to refuse consent for marine scientific research on the extended continental shelf. The chapter discusses how States might interpret this provision and apply it when coastal States want to protect living resources rather than non-living resources.