10 Looking Ahead
- Biodiversity — Marine living resources — Coastal states — Continental shelf — High seas — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea)
The final chapter draws some conclusions and lessons from the previous chapters, and makes recommendations for future approaches by coastal States and flag States. As States work through the process of producing their submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS), they will need to turn their attention to the activities occurring on their extended continental shelves. This chapter discusses some issues that arise in exercising sovereign rights where the boundaries between neighbouring continental shelves are not delimited. It also recognizes that there is a knowledge gap about the resources of the continental shelves which applies to all States, but has a particular impact on developing States. Finally, the relationship between coastal State rights to the extended continental shelf and the negotiations for a new implementing agreement for biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction is explored. States will need to accommodate the existence of coastal State rights when establishing a regime that applies to activities on the high seas.