- Since World War II — Asylum — Internally displaced persons — Military assistance — Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Humanitarian intervention
This chapter examines issues relating to refugees and asylum seekers from states that are going through a period of conflict. By the end of 2013, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the intergovernmental agency providing protection to displaced persons stated that the number of asylum-seekers, refugees, and internally displaced peoples (IDPs) totalled over 51 million individuals. This has been the highest number of forcibly displaced persons recorded since the Second World War. The chapter looks at the areas of conflict around the world that have caused the forced displacement of individuals. It considers the characteristics of the displacement of individuals as a result of wars. Finally, the chapter demonstrates that the legal provisions applicable to those who have fled an armed conflict across a border are fragmented and unclear. The key treaty concerned with refugees requires a well-founded fear of persecution and thus may not apply to individuals fleeing a conflict because of the general situation of violence and instability generated by it.