- Human rights remedies — Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces
This chapter considers the ongoing armed conflict in South Sudan between the armed forces of the government, supported by the Uganda People's Defence Force (UPDF), and dissident South Sudan armed forces (sometimes referred to as the SPLM/A-in-Opposition). It presents key casualty data gathered by the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED), the Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, and the UN. All parties to the conflict are bound by customary international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law, as South Sudan is party to the four 1949 Geneva Conventions and other various international treaties. The conflict emerged as a result of South Sudan's independence from Sudan in July 2011, which led to a power struggle for the presidency between President Salva Kiir and Vice-President Riek Machar. The two would lead the government forces and dissident armed forces, respectively, into civil war that resulted in 2,740 confirmed casualties at the end of 2014.