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The War Report: Armed Conflict in 2014 edited by Bellal, Annyssa (1st December 2015)

Part II Situations of Armed Conflict in 2014, Situations of Armed Conflict in 2014, Armed conflict in India in 2014

Annyssa Bellal

From: The War Report: Armed Conflict in 2014

Edited By: Annyssa Bellal

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 17 June 2019

Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — War crimes — Belligerence — Belligerents — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces

This chapter describes the ongoing armed conflict in India between the Naxalites, followers of Maoism, and the government. It provides key casualty data gathered by the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP). Both parties to the conflict are bound by customary international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law, as India is party to the four 1949 Geneva conventions and to other various international treaties. The conflict originates from the 1960s when India's Maoist insurgency began in the forests of the state of West Bengal. The insurrection continues up to the present day with the Naxalites, now led by Koteshwar Rao, having more than 6,000 casualties, evidence of their growing number of support. Estimates reported in 2013 suggested Maoist rebels could number up to 40,000. However, the SATP has reported a declining trend in fatalities from both sides, from 1,180 in 2010 to 314 in 2014.

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