- Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces
This chapter provides an overview of the armed conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR) between the ex-Sééléka coalition of rebel forces and the ‘anti-Balaka’ armed group. It presents key casualty data gathered by the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED), the Aid Worker Security Database (AWSD), and local and international media outlets. All parties to the conflicts were bound by customary international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law as CAR is party to the four 1949 Geneva Conventions and other international treaties. CAR has experienced political instability since its independence from France in 1960. Three main rebel groups have contributed to the years of unrest: the Popular Army for the Restoration of Democracy (APRD), the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR), and the Democratic Front of the Central African People (Front démocratique du people centrafricain; FDPC). The year 2014 alone saw 3,794 casualties as reported by the ACLED.