- Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Armed forces
This chapter describes the ongoing armed conflict in Afghanistan between the Taliban who allied themselves with other insurgent groups such as the Haqqani Network and Hezb-e-Islami, and a coalition of states operating under the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). It provides key casual data gathered by the UN Assistance Missions in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agence France-Presse, iCausalities.org, US Military, and the Afghan Ministry of Defense. All major parties to the conflict are bound by customary international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law. The conflict emerged in response to the Taliban-led attack against the United States on September 11, 2001. Since the fall of the Taliban regime, remnants of the group have conducted widespread insurgency, particularly in the south east and east of the country. The UNAMA documented 10,548 civilian casualties (3,699 deaths and 6,849 injured) in 2014 as a result of continuous fighting.