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The War Report: Armed Conflict in 2014 edited by Bellal, Annyssa (1st December 2015)

Part II Situations of Armed Conflict in 2014, Situations of Armed Conflict in 2014, Military occupation of Western Sahara by Morocco in 2014

Annyssa Bellal

From: The War Report: Armed Conflict in 2014

Edited By: Annyssa Bellal

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 19 July 2019

Military assistance — Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Armed forces

This chapter describes Morocco's ongoing military occupation of the region of Western Sahara. It provides key casualty data gathered by the office of the UN Secretary-General. Even though Western Sahara is not universally recognised as a state and is not an Observer State within the UN, both parties to the conflict are bound by customary international humanitarian law (IHL) as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, the state that claims sovereignty of the region, is a member of the African Union. The conflict originated in 1975 when Morocco annexed Western Sahara, a region which mainly consists of Sahrawi People. In February 1976 the Polisario Front established the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, claiming sovereignty of the land. The UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara reported that between April 2014 and April 2015 six incidents in occupied Western Sahara resulted in three deaths and six injured due to fighting.

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